Latitude: 66° 33' North; Longitude: 145° 16' West, 8 miles north of the Arctic Circle
Grizzly bears (Ursus arctos horribilis) have concave faces and a distinctive hump on their shoulders. Grizzly bears are known as brownbears beyond North America – these are actually the same species. A grown bear can weigh 100-600 kilos (200-1,300 pounds) and its front paw claws are two to four inches long. There are an estimated 31,000 grizzly bears in Alaska but while in the 1800s they were also prolific in other areas of the western US there are now only around 1,500 south of the Canadian border.
Glaciers appear blue because the ice absorbs all of the colors of the spectrum except for blue, which is reflected.
Approximately 1 in 66 Alaskans is an active pilot.
Historically documented to have been ‘purchased’ by Dutch colonists from Native Americans in 1626 for the equivalent of US$1050, Manhattan real estate has since become among the most expensive in the world, with the value of Manhattan Island, including real estate, estimated to exceed US$3 trillion in 2013. It is one of the most densely populated areas of the world with over 27,500 inhabitants per square kilometer (over 70,700 per square mile).
Manhattan is home to the world’s two largest stock exchanges, earning New York City the title ‘the world’s most economically powerful city’. As of August 2008, the city's financial-services firms employed 344,700 workers. Wall Street, the world’s financial center, is located in lower Manhattan at 2-3 meters (7-10 feet) above sea level.
If we are able to limit human global warming to + 2° Celsius, it is estimated that global mean sea levels will rise 2.7 meters by the year 2300.
Significant sea-level rise in a 2-degree warming world
Globally, investors are betting that we will burn five times the fossil reserves that can be burnt if we are to limit planetary
warming to 2 degrees.
Climate Central: Surging Seas 2.0
Latitude: 10° 83' North; Longitude: 73° 70' West Elevation 5,700 m (18,700 ft)
In this, the world’s highest coastal mountain range, there is a direct line of sight of just over 500 km (310 miles), reported to be the longest between any two points on the surface of the Earth. It is the source of 36 rivers. It is home to the Kogi [ˈkoʊɡi], meaning ‘jaguar’ in the Kogi language, an indigenous ethnic group whose civilization has continued since the Pre-Columbian era.
The Kogi base their lifestyle on their belief in ’The Great Mother’, their creator figure, whom they believe is the force behind nature, providing guidance. The Kogi understand Earth to be a living being, who is hurt by colonizers’ exploitation.
Alan Ereira’s movie Elder Brothers’ WarningPeace with the FARC?
Latitude: 27° 06' South; Longitude: 109° 21' West Triangular island about 24.6 km (15.3 miles) long by 12.3 km (7.6 miles) at its widest point
This Pacific island was most likely populated by Polynesians who, about 1200 CE. navigated in canoes or catamarans from Mangareva, 2,600 km (1,600 miles) away. Some 400 years later its population had risen to 15,000. The islanders believed that dead ancestors provided everything that they needed and that they, through offerings, provided the dead with a better place in the spirit world. The 887 moai, monumental stone statues of
ancestors, are physical evidence of this belief, remaining long after the civilization that created them had died.
With the global rise of the British empire, George Airy in 1851 suggested that the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London should be the location of a prime longitudinal meridian, the zero from which east and west would be distinguished in global navigation. The French resisted this for years, insisting that the prime meridian should run through Paris. Much like the ancient Egypts and Chinese both considered their land to be the Middle Kingdom, we all perceive that we are at the center, at least when in power.
The phrase once used to describe Spain’s dominion over the world; "the empire on which the sun never sets" was later used to describe the vast British Empire, because its expanse around the globe meant that the sun was always shining on at least one of its territories.
In a white building on One Curzon Street traders were selling Credit Default Swaps on bundles of American housing mortgages. The AIG Financial Products division had entered into credit default swaps to insure $57.8 billion of ’structured debt securities’ backed by these ’subprime’ loans. Joseph Cassano, the leader of this AIG's Division has been referred to as ‘patient zero’ of the devastating financial crisis of 2008. Only a year before the bubble burst he infamously said:
“It is hard for us, without being flippant, to even see a scenario within any kind of realm of reason that would see us losing one dollar in any of those transactions.“
New data on how the global financial crisis beganAmerican International Group
Conducting undercover research for the novel, Anna Borgeryd wanted to see ‘ground zero’ where ‘patient zero’ had worked for herself. Having spent time in the marbled foyer, correcting the spelling of her unusual surname with the issuer of the pass, the suspicious gazes of security staff made her too nervous to also correct the unfortunate misspelling of her company: Polarrenen (the Polar Reindeer) became Porren (a.k.a. The Porn in Swedish). But she was, after all, let into the building.
From Biarritz to Sait Jean de Luz, around
Latitude: 43° North; Longitude: 1° West
The Physics of Surfing
To catch a wave you lie flat and push water towards the back of the board with your hands. By the Third Law of Motion (Newton’s law of action and reaction), the water moves you forward and accelerates you up to speed. A well-timed, explosive popup gets you to your feet, landing at an angle, close to the center of the board.
As you ride a wave, tons of moving water push you faster and faster. You stand up, knees bent, keeping the continuously changing forces in balance.
”In a sense, you are dancing with the hydrodynamic forces.”
Musée du Louvre, Paris, France
Aphrodite, known as the "Venus de Milo"
Department of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities:
Hellenistic Art (3rd-1st centuries BC).
The Venus de Milo was in 1820 taken from the island of Melos (Milo in modern Greek) in the south-western Cyclades. Her arms were never found, and there are many guesses as to what she was doing with them, when she had them.
Aphrodite, known as the "Venus de Milo"
Runs from the Scandic mountain ridge between Norway and Sweden. It is Sweden’s biggest tributary river and after 500 kilometers with about a hundred named rapids it joins Ume River from the north at Latitude 63° 90’ N, Longitude 19° 48' E with an average water flow of 190 m3/s
In response to demands to preserve some of the mighty rivers of Northern Sweden in a natural state, the Vindel River was appointed as one of four National Rivers by the Swedish Parliament in 1993. In the 1970s the budding Swedish environmental movement’s anthem Änglamark (Angels’ land) was written a tribute to Vindelälven.
Umeå [u:mεo] is the biggest city in Norrland, the northern half of Sweden. With close to 40,000 students it is also one of the country’s youngest towns with an average age of 38 years, and because of repeatedly averaging highest scores in the SweSAT national tests, it is sometimes called ’smartest city in Sweden’. The city's official nickname is the ‘Town of Silver Birches’, because after a devastating fire in 1888, such trees were planted along avenues to prevent future fires from spreading.
In mid June it hardly gets dark at all, but in the year’s shortest day Umeå gets less than 4 hours of daylight. Norrland’s long winters are endured in insulated homes and in thick clothing, with inhabitants trying to convince themselves of the Swedish saying ‘There’s no such thing as bad weather, there’s only bad clothing.’
The name of Sweden’s capital literally means Log Island (or Islet), and is built on 14 islands connected by 57 bridges. Greater Stockholm has a population of around 2 million, it is by far the largest city in Sweden. Skansen, the world’s first open-air museum, is the venue for televised national get-togethers, such as public sing-alongs and New Years countdown. Tennyson’s Ring Out, Wild Bells has traditionally been recited publicly at Skansen, approaching midnight on every New Year’s Eve, urging Swedes to betterment since the 19th century.
“I get to little. I want more sex.”- Stockholmer Rebecka with cold feet and after generous amounts of Galliano.
For more than a century, greed for Congo’s natural resources has been a principal driver of conflict and atrocities. The war in eastern Congo is the deadliest since the Second World War and the armed groups are largely motivated by capturing ores to sell for extraction of tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold needed in modern electronics such as mobile phones and computers.
Given the lack of a transparent minerals supply chain, we have no way to ensure that our electronic purchases are not financing armed groups that regularly commit atrocities, including mass rape. Swedish Foreign minister Margot Wallström dubbed eastern Congo “the most dangerous place on earth to be a woman”, and medical personnel and aid workers are continuously receiving new victims at health stations.
DRC: Mass Rape in South Kivu
From Sanskrit hima (snow) + ālaya (dwelling), the Himalayas mountain range in South Asia is home to nine of the ten highest peaks on Earth, including the highest, Mount Everest.
…and somewhere here, Shangri La
Tibetan Buddhist tradition mentions a mythical happy kingdom called Shambhala. The name Shangri-La was introduced in the 1933 novel Lost Horizon by British author James Hilton. Shangri-La has become synonymous with any earthly paradise, but most specifically a mythical Himalayan utopia – a permanently happy land, isolated from the outside world.
Mussoorie is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas, 290 km north of India’s capital New Dehli.
At a cooling altitude of 1,880 meters (6,170 ft), Mussoorie in colonial times was a popular summer resort for the British, known as the Queen of the Hills. Commanding snow ranges to the north-east, and glittering views to the south, the town was once said to present a 'fairyland' atmosphere.